Winchester Cathedral.

(a) Nave roof

Felling dates: Winter 1246/7 to Winter 1249/50

(b) South transept roof

Felling dates :Spring 1306 to Spring 1318

Construction of the present cathedral started in the late eleventh century, and was completed by the 1120s. During major repairs to the high roof of the south transept, the opportunity arose to undertake a detailed dendro survey. The investigation was also extended to the medieval portion of the nave roof. The nave roof timbers date from 1249/50 but the structure was reconstructed, perhaps at the time of Wykeham's remodelling of the nave in c.1400, or possibly after a fire in 1698 when the western five bays were totally replaced. However, the present form of the nave roof probably closely reflects its original form. It comprises a series of rafter couples with double wall plates, ashlars, soulaces, and double collars with a king strut between them. Every fifth couple incorporates a tiebeam connecting the inner and outer plates. At the time of the reconstruction, a system of queen struts and braced arcade plates was inserted to provide longitudinal bracing. The roof was hitherto thought to have dated from the time of Wykeham’s rebuilding of the vaults, but the dendro dates show that the stonework must have been inserted under the existing roof.

The high roof of the south transept is of very similar design to the nave roof, except that it includes four intermediate tiebeam trusses with queen struts to the lower collar. Both the nave trusses as well as the south transept roofs used mortice and tenon joints throughout. The samples have given precise felling dates mainly from 1316 and 1317, although one rafter dated to 1318, suggesting the roof was actually erected in that year. A re-used inner wall plate on the south-west side of the roof, thought to be of Norman date, has a latest ring of 1270, giving a terminus post quem or ‘felled after’ date of 1279. Thus it was probably part of the 1318 work. Another possible Norman element is a half-round timber column, or respond, fixed to the inside south gable below the southernmost truss. However, the crispness of the mouldings suggests that it relates to the inserted ceiling of 1820.

(Miles and Worthington 1998, VA 29, list 91)


  1. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-015
  2. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-016
  3. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-017
  4. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-018
  5. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-019
  6. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-020
  7. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-021
  8. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-022
  9. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-023
  10. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-024
  11. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-025
  12. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-026
  13. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-027
  14. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-028
  15. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-029
  16. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-030
  17. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-031
  18. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-032
  19. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-033
  20. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-034
  21. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-035
  22. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-036
  23. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-037
  24. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-038
  25. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-039
  26. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-040
  27. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-041
  28. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-042
  29. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-043
  30. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-044
  31. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-045
  32. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-046
  33. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-047
  34. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-048
  35. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-049
  36. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-050
  37. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-051
  38. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-052
  39. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-053
  40. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-054
  41. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-055
  42. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-056
  43. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-057
  44. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-058
  45. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-059
  46. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-060
  47. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-061
  48. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-062
  49. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-063
  50. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-064
  51. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-065
  52. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-066
  53. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-067
  54. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-068
  55. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-071
  56. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-072
  57. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-073
  58. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-074
  59. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-075
  60. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-076
  61. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-077
  62. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-078
  63. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-079
  64. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-080
  65. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-081
  66. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-082
  67. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-083
  68. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-084
  69. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-085
  70. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-086
  71. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-087
  72. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-088
  73. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-089
  74. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-090
  75. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-091
  76. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-092
  77. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-093
  78. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-094
  79. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-095
  80. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-096
  81. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-097
  82. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-098
  83. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-099
  84. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-100
  85. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-101
  86. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-102
  87. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-103
  88. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-104
  89. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-105
  90. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-106
  91. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-107
  92. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-108
  93. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-109
  94. Winchester_Cathedral-1306-110